This version was rectified on 4 September 2020
under Rule 81 of the Rules of Court.

Application no. 46259/16
against the United Kingdom
The European Court of Human Rights (First Section), sitting on
7 July 2020 as a Committee composed of:
Aleš Pejchal, President,
Pauliine Koskelo,
Tim Eicke, judges,
and Renata Degener, Deputy Section Registrar,
Having regard to the above application lodged on 5 August 2016,
Having regard to the observations submitted by the respondent
Government and the observations in reply submitted by the applicants,
Having regard to the comments submitted by six third party intervenors:
the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of
the right to freedom of opinion and expression, L. Roussey and French Data
Network, Mozilla Corporation, La Quadrature du Net, Electronic Privacy
Information Center, and Article 19,
Having deliberated, decides as follows:

1. A list of the applicants is set out in the appendix.
The British Government (“the Government”) were represented by their
Agent, Mr C. Wickremasinghe.
A. The circumstances of the case

2. The facts of the case, as submitted by the parties, may be summarised
as follows.

Select target paragraph3